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People with Lower Incomes Have More Sleep Issues

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Researchers said people with lower incomes tend to sleep less, which raises their risk of cardiovascular disease.
They noted that people with lower incomes tend to have more sleep-related disorders due to off-hour shifts, lack of healthcare services, and daily stress.
They said having regular checkups with a doctor and developing healthy sleep habits can reduce these risks.
Not getting enough sleep is one risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

And for a variety of reasons, people with lower socioeconomic status tend to sleep less.
That may be part of the reason people with lower incomes have more heart-health issues, according to a study published in the journal Cardiovascular Research.

Researchers noted that people who work off-hour shifts, live in deprived neighborhoods, or experienced adversity in childhood have a higher prevalence of sleep-related disorders.
They suggested that social inequalities may play a role in cardiovascular disease, which includes heart disease and stroke.
About the study
Data for the study came from 111,205 participants in four European countries.
Economic status was classified as low, middle, or high depending on the participant’s occupation as well as their father’s occupation. Level of education was also considered.
Sleep duration was self-reported. Normal sleep was categorized as between 6 and 8.5 hours. Less than that was categorized as short sleep and more than that as long sleep.
History of heart disease and stroke was included.

The researchers found that less sleep accounted for 13 percent of the link between occupation and heart disease in men.
This link wasn’t as strong in women. The researchers theorize that women may have more responsibilities aside from occupation that affect sleep and overall health.
What the study tells us
Sanjiv Patel, MD, is a cardiologist at MemorialCare Heart & Vascular Institute at Orange Coast Medical Center in Fountain Valley, California.

“It was population-based data collection with a lot of patients and good followup,” he told Healthline. “The study basically concludes that lower sleep hours have an adverse impact on a person’s health, which is appropriately stated. Looking at the increased risk of heart disease, the likely association makes sense.”

“But that doesn’t say that less sleep leads to elevated risk of heart disease all by itself,” Dr. Patel added. “The more important issue is that sleep helps drive health and well-being. Why are these people not sleeping well?”

Although it was a European study, Patel says certain human patterns can be generalized.If you have more stress, the less you sleep, and the worse health outcome in general — not just heart disease,” he said.

Victoria Shin, MD, is a cardiologist at Torrance Memorial Medical Center in California. She told Healthline this was a robust cross-sectional study, but she wonders whether the researchers accounted for people with sleep apnea.

“Sleep apnea is a particular sleep disorder in which patients think they are getting adequate sleep, but it is fragmented and disturbed due to breathing issues,” she explained. “Those patients have a higher incidence of high blood pressure and arrhythmias, which can tie into cardiovascular events.”

“Given the cultural and racial heterogeneity of the United States versus Europe, I’m not sure it can be extrapolated directly,” she added. “But it points out an important modifiable risk factor that should be assessed in the United States as well.”

Risk factors and signs

Dr. Shin explained that the heart is a supply and demand system.

“If there’s a problem with the supply (the heart) and you increase the demand (activity), you may have symptoms such as chest discomfort or shortness of breath. Sometimes it’s as subtle as decrease in exercise tolerance or an inability to do activities you did before due to fatigue or lack of energy,” she said.
Some risk factors have to do with what’s lacking, she added.

“Lack of access to healthcare. Lack of access to nutritional foods and more fast food restaurants located in lower income areas. Lack of access to exercise, such as gyms. And lack of time to exercise given that many people have two or three jobs and work shifts while still taking care of their families,” said Shin.

Patel said diabetes, obesity, smoking, and family history of heart disease are also risk factors.

“All of these things are prevalent in lower socioeconomic groups by default. Their lives may be more stressful day in and day out. The consequence of not sleeping well is more stress. Spending more of the day awake causes stress hormones to trigger other diseases. It lowers immunity and raises the risk of infection and inflammation,” he added.

Unfortunately, said Patel, heart disease and stroke don’t always produce symptoms until it’s late in the process.

“You can get up to 50 to 70 percent narrowing of arteries before getting symptoms like difficulty breathing and chest pressure. It takes time for that to occur. Same thing with stroke signs. Sudden onset loss of speech, blurry vision, or numbness in one part of the body can come and go or be permanent,” said Patel.
He cautions that ignoring symptoms can lead to a worse outcome.

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Family

Why Indian women resort to arranged marriages

Published

on

arrange marriages

The Indian marriage system has a lot of growing up to do in terms of selecting your life partner. But does that mean everyone and everything associated with an arranged marriage is wrong. I dont think so, as some pursue it free will some under pressure. And there are completely the other cases too, for instance a love marriage, eloping etc.

So the concept arranged marriage is unfair is a wrong assumption. Like I said to each his own. Whatever kind the marriage is, it is the human need to find love has remained unchanged over time and this is what drives people around. For some their love of their life are found in arranged marriage, while for others its not. But no doubt this timeless tradition are a big hit among few societies.

REASONS WHY WOMEN OPT FOR ARRANGED MARRIAGES

  • There is a strong belief amongst girls and families of bride and bridegrooms, that parents make the best choices for their little princess until one day everything is topsy turvy or sometimes on a positive note everything ends well like a perfect ending in a Cinderella story.
  • Girls and their families believe if something goes wrong they have their parents to fall back on. The parents too take arranged marriage as a reason to support their daughters if the impending marriage is on a verge of breaking down. Such support is most unlikely in a love marriage.
  • Sometimes, a girls bottom line in seeking this route is simple straightforward and that is to find a partner who was as serious about commitment as she is. Which again cant be resolved immediately in a love marriage. Because in a love set up, knowing and spending time before marriage as girlfriend and boyfriend is imperative, not that its not an available option in an arranged set up. The sole aim is to settle down quickly sometimes in a arranged marraige.

Whatever courtship one is entering into, there is always this debate of patriarchy, colorism, gender stereotypes and regressive mentalities etc only highlighting the centuries old practice under a scanner. So all you singles out there, “Are you up for an arranged marriage?”

 

 

Continue Reading

Family

Marital adjustments in joint family

Published

on


It’s known that in India when you get married, it’s not only the girl but the guy and also his family too makes adjustments especially if the bride is going to move into a joint family. When you have spent all your years growing up in a nuclear family with all the space you want then the joint set up comes with a few adjustments. If you are on the edge about it, the following few pointers would guide you into adjusting with the new family.

First things first, you have to be positive. No one is out there to get you, so don’t panic. Don’t formulate your ideas of a joint family based solely on what you see on television or in the movies. It is a matter of time you will settle in and you will build your relationships with all the family members, so relax in the initial stages. Get involved in conversations, be part of discussions, ensure that you have enough time with the family members in a light hearted fashion.

Yes, it is new and you are not used to it and that’s precisely why you should think of yourself as part of the family. They are your own people and not others. This idea will also amalgamate your own thoughts on being a member of the family. If there’s something that needs to be thought over then be part of that process. Don’t go in with the attitude that it doesn’t matter to you. Provide valuable inputs and leave it at that. Don’t expect that your ideas will be applauded or implemented immediately but offer them out of love.

Next would be to give respect to get respect. Yes, it is difficult since you already have a lot to think about but be open minded about it. You would have been so used to your parents house that you wouldn’t have needed to put in extra effort there but in the new home you need to. Don’t expect earth shattering changes from day one in the household but slowly take in the atmosphere and make sure that you are not too harsh on anyone. If you are feeling the pressure talk to someone in the house or talk to all of them openly.

Lastly, you have entered a new home and you will have new responsibilities. If you are not used to too many responsibilities then it will be a change that you will have to accept. The more happily and readily you accept the better it will be. Try and be genuinely helpful without stepping on anyone’s toes. These moments will also give you an opportunity to bond with the family members in learning about their past and your husband’s childhood.

Thus, marriage is a whole sea of change for the prettier looking gender. While some who get married into joint families are often at the receiving end of unexpected complications genuinely, there are others who work towards it and are truly happy entering a joint family. Thus, the above are a sample of some common struggles and this is how to deal with them. So, tread with caution but confidence my friends!

Continue Reading

Family

Time Management for New Mothers

Published

on

When the first child is born to a family, your world is turned upside down. Finding time to balance current relationships, household chores and personal needs with a new baby can leave mothers feeling frayed, frazzled and frustrated. But it doesn’t have to be that way. With a little patience, prioritizing and flexibility, new moms can navigate this time and emerge confident and content in their new role.

This was Tonjia Coverdale’s experience. “Before I had Benjamin, I was a typical type ‘A’ personality. I had a plan and carried it out flawlessly,” says the mother of her now 18-month-old. “When he was born prematurely, I had a big adjustment to make. Now I was on his schedule – his plan. I learned early on it was OK to have a tentative agenda but I had to remain flexible for him.”

“Having a new baby is a definite rebalancing act,” says Rebecca Levin, coordinator for Postpartum Support International. “Just getting used to having a newborn around is hard. Trying to figure out how to integrate him into your existing life – that’s a huge challenge.”

For Christine Bart, the biggest challenge was maintaining her current social life. “Before Kailin was born, we had a lot of childless friends and were used to going out and taking weekend trips,” says the mother of her now 16-month-old. “Afterwards things changed. Our friends would come over, but it wasn’t like it used to be,” she says.
Experts agree the dynamic of friendships often changes after the first baby is born.

“Relationships are birthed out of common interests, so it may be difficult for childless friends to understand the time and energy a newborn requires, let alone the limitations you now have,” says Gracie Mirolli, a postpartum doula.


But that doesn’t mean the friendships can’t continue. Look for commonalities you still share and plan times to get together for lunch, coffee or at the park. Take the baby with you or ask someone to baby-sit so you can go alone. Talk about what is going on in your life and stay tuned in to your friends’ interests. Even if those friendships fizzle, it doesn’t mean you’re doomed to a life of loneliness.

“We still have friends who are childless, but I have a whole new set of friends with kids that I’ve met through playgroups, at story time, even on the internet,” says Bart.

More important is to schedule time alone with your spouse. If date nights won’t work, try a creative approach. When the baby is asleep, order in Chinese and put out a tablecloth and candles, watch a movie together and give each other foot or back rubs. Make this a priority from the beginning to keep your marriage healthy and strong.

Another challenge most new mother’s face is finding time for household chores. Levin’s advice is simple.
“Set small goals,” she says. “Instead of saying, ‘I’m going to clean the whole house today,’ start with one or two rooms. That way it’s more manageable and you won’t get frustrated if it doesn’t all get done.”

Even then flexibility is key.
“I break up the work and do different chores throughout the week so it’s finished for the weekends,” says Bart. “One day I’ll do vacuuming and dusting. The next I’ll do bathrooms and laundry. But I’m not super rigid. Some days I don’t get it all finished, but I have a happy child.”
&pagebreaking&
Coverdale makes housework a matter of multitasking. “I didn’t have a formal fitness program in the beginning so I combined it with housework,” she says. “I wore Benjamin in a sling or mei tai while I did my chores. Now that he’s older I involve him in some of the simpler tasks like unloading the dryer and helping pick up toys. We make it into a game.”

Other mothers combine fitness, friendships and infant time by participating in parent exercise programs, such as Stroller Strides and Stroller Fit, which include baby and buggy in the routine

Incorporating activities is, in fact, the best way to find time for the things you want and need to do. Of course, it may take a bit of ingenuity.

“The biggest adjustment I had to make when Benjamin was born was changing from a working woman to a stay-at-home mom,” Coverdale recalls. “I loved being home with him, but I had a huge void and wanted some personal enrichment.”

Coverdale combined her love for technology with family and fashion, and created an online mother and baby clothing line.

“It’s my creative outlet, but it doesn’t take time away from the baby,” she says. “I work on it at night, after Ben and my husband go to bed. It’s my recharge time.”

Bart wanted personal fulfillment too, but waited until Kailin settled into a routine before starting to work on her master’s degree online.
Mirolli thinks waiting is wise. “The baby dictates so much of the mother’s time at the beginning. The best thing she can do is rest so her energy returns,” she says. “In time her baby’s routine will emerge and life will become more predictable.”

Then you can do those things you deem important, as long as you stay flexible.
“I always want to have time for my daughter,” says Bart. “Even if it means some days I put things on the back burner to read books, sing songs or just pick up and go to the playground.”

Denise Yearian is a freelance writer and the mother of three children and four grandchildren.

Continue Reading
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Family

People with Lower Incomes Have More Sleep Issues

Published

on

Researchers said people with lower incomes tend to sleep less, which raises their risk of cardiovascular disease.
They noted that people with lower incomes tend to have more sleep-related disorders due to off-hour shifts, lack of healthcare services, and daily stress.
They said having regular checkups with a doctor and developing healthy sleep habits can reduce these risks.
Not getting enough sleep is one risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

And for a variety of reasons, people with lower socioeconomic status tend to sleep less.
That may be part of the reason people with lower incomes have more heart-health issues, according to a study published in the journal Cardiovascular Research.

Researchers noted that people who work off-hour shifts, live in deprived neighborhoods, or experienced adversity in childhood have a higher prevalence of sleep-related disorders.
They suggested that social inequalities may play a role in cardiovascular disease, which includes heart disease and stroke.
About the study
Data for the study came from 111,205 participants in four European countries.
Economic status was classified as low, middle, or high depending on the participant’s occupation as well as their father’s occupation. Level of education was also considered.
Sleep duration was self-reported. Normal sleep was categorized as between 6 and 8.5 hours. Less than that was categorized as short sleep and more than that as long sleep.
History of heart disease and stroke was included.

The researchers found that less sleep accounted for 13 percent of the link between occupation and heart disease in men.
This link wasn’t as strong in women. The researchers theorize that women may have more responsibilities aside from occupation that affect sleep and overall health.
What the study tells us
Sanjiv Patel, MD, is a cardiologist at MemorialCare Heart & Vascular Institute at Orange Coast Medical Center in Fountain Valley, California.

“It was population-based data collection with a lot of patients and good followup,” he told Healthline. “The study basically concludes that lower sleep hours have an adverse impact on a person’s health, which is appropriately stated. Looking at the increased risk of heart disease, the likely association makes sense.”

“But that doesn’t say that less sleep leads to elevated risk of heart disease all by itself,” Dr. Patel added. “The more important issue is that sleep helps drive health and well-being. Why are these people not sleeping well?”

Although it was a European study, Patel says certain human patterns can be generalized.If you have more stress, the less you sleep, and the worse health outcome in general — not just heart disease,” he said.

Victoria Shin, MD, is a cardiologist at Torrance Memorial Medical Center in California. She told Healthline this was a robust cross-sectional study, but she wonders whether the researchers accounted for people with sleep apnea.

“Sleep apnea is a particular sleep disorder in which patients think they are getting adequate sleep, but it is fragmented and disturbed due to breathing issues,” she explained. “Those patients have a higher incidence of high blood pressure and arrhythmias, which can tie into cardiovascular events.”

“Given the cultural and racial heterogeneity of the United States versus Europe, I’m not sure it can be extrapolated directly,” she added. “But it points out an important modifiable risk factor that should be assessed in the United States as well.”

Risk factors and signs

Dr. Shin explained that the heart is a supply and demand system.

“If there’s a problem with the supply (the heart) and you increase the demand (activity), you may have symptoms such as chest discomfort or shortness of breath. Sometimes it’s as subtle as decrease in exercise tolerance or an inability to do activities you did before due to fatigue or lack of energy,” she said.
Some risk factors have to do with what’s lacking, she added.

“Lack of access to healthcare. Lack of access to nutritional foods and more fast food restaurants located in lower income areas. Lack of access to exercise, such as gyms. And lack of time to exercise given that many people have two or three jobs and work shifts while still taking care of their families,” said Shin.

Patel said diabetes, obesity, smoking, and family history of heart disease are also risk factors.

“All of these things are prevalent in lower socioeconomic groups by default. Their lives may be more stressful day in and day out. The consequence of not sleeping well is more stress. Spending more of the day awake causes stress hormones to trigger other diseases. It lowers immunity and raises the risk of infection and inflammation,” he added.

Unfortunately, said Patel, heart disease and stroke don’t always produce symptoms until it’s late in the process.

“You can get up to 50 to 70 percent narrowing of arteries before getting symptoms like difficulty breathing and chest pressure. It takes time for that to occur. Same thing with stroke signs. Sudden onset loss of speech, blurry vision, or numbness in one part of the body can come and go or be permanent,” said Patel.
He cautions that ignoring symptoms can lead to a worse outcome.

Advertisement
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Family

Why Indian women resort to arranged marriages

Published

on

arrange marriages

The Indian marriage system has a lot of growing up to do in terms of selecting your life partner. But does that mean everyone and everything associated with an arranged marriage is wrong. I dont think so, as some pursue it free will some under pressure. And there are completely the other cases too, for instance a love marriage, eloping etc.

So the concept arranged marriage is unfair is a wrong assumption. Like I said to each his own. Whatever kind the marriage is, it is the human need to find love has remained unchanged over time and this is what drives people around. For some their love of their life are found in arranged marriage, while for others its not. But no doubt this timeless tradition are a big hit among few societies.

REASONS WHY WOMEN OPT FOR ARRANGED MARRIAGES

  • There is a strong belief amongst girls and families of bride and bridegrooms, that parents make the best choices for their little princess until one day everything is topsy turvy or sometimes on a positive note everything ends well like a perfect ending in a Cinderella story.
  • Girls and their families believe if something goes wrong they have their parents to fall back on. The parents too take arranged marriage as a reason to support their daughters if the impending marriage is on a verge of breaking down. Such support is most unlikely in a love marriage.
  • Sometimes, a girls bottom line in seeking this route is simple straightforward and that is to find a partner who was as serious about commitment as she is. Which again cant be resolved immediately in a love marriage. Because in a love set up, knowing and spending time before marriage as girlfriend and boyfriend is imperative, not that its not an available option in an arranged set up. The sole aim is to settle down quickly sometimes in a arranged marraige.

Whatever courtship one is entering into, there is always this debate of patriarchy, colorism, gender stereotypes and regressive mentalities etc only highlighting the centuries old practice under a scanner. So all you singles out there, “Are you up for an arranged marriage?”

 

 

Continue Reading

Family

Marital adjustments in joint family

Published

on


It’s known that in India when you get married, it’s not only the girl but the guy and also his family too makes adjustments especially if the bride is going to move into a joint family. When you have spent all your years growing up in a nuclear family with all the space you want then the joint set up comes with a few adjustments. If you are on the edge about it, the following few pointers would guide you into adjusting with the new family.

First things first, you have to be positive. No one is out there to get you, so don’t panic. Don’t formulate your ideas of a joint family based solely on what you see on television or in the movies. It is a matter of time you will settle in and you will build your relationships with all the family members, so relax in the initial stages. Get involved in conversations, be part of discussions, ensure that you have enough time with the family members in a light hearted fashion.

Yes, it is new and you are not used to it and that’s precisely why you should think of yourself as part of the family. They are your own people and not others. This idea will also amalgamate your own thoughts on being a member of the family. If there’s something that needs to be thought over then be part of that process. Don’t go in with the attitude that it doesn’t matter to you. Provide valuable inputs and leave it at that. Don’t expect that your ideas will be applauded or implemented immediately but offer them out of love.

Next would be to give respect to get respect. Yes, it is difficult since you already have a lot to think about but be open minded about it. You would have been so used to your parents house that you wouldn’t have needed to put in extra effort there but in the new home you need to. Don’t expect earth shattering changes from day one in the household but slowly take in the atmosphere and make sure that you are not too harsh on anyone. If you are feeling the pressure talk to someone in the house or talk to all of them openly.

Lastly, you have entered a new home and you will have new responsibilities. If you are not used to too many responsibilities then it will be a change that you will have to accept. The more happily and readily you accept the better it will be. Try and be genuinely helpful without stepping on anyone’s toes. These moments will also give you an opportunity to bond with the family members in learning about their past and your husband’s childhood.

Thus, marriage is a whole sea of change for the prettier looking gender. While some who get married into joint families are often at the receiving end of unexpected complications genuinely, there are others who work towards it and are truly happy entering a joint family. Thus, the above are a sample of some common struggles and this is how to deal with them. So, tread with caution but confidence my friends!

Continue Reading

Family

Time Management for New Mothers

Published

on

When the first child is born to a family, your world is turned upside down. Finding time to balance current relationships, household chores and personal needs with a new baby can leave mothers feeling frayed, frazzled and frustrated. But it doesn’t have to be that way. With a little patience, prioritizing and flexibility, new moms can navigate this time and emerge confident and content in their new role.

This was Tonjia Coverdale’s experience. “Before I had Benjamin, I was a typical type ‘A’ personality. I had a plan and carried it out flawlessly,” says the mother of her now 18-month-old. “When he was born prematurely, I had a big adjustment to make. Now I was on his schedule – his plan. I learned early on it was OK to have a tentative agenda but I had to remain flexible for him.”

“Having a new baby is a definite rebalancing act,” says Rebecca Levin, coordinator for Postpartum Support International. “Just getting used to having a newborn around is hard. Trying to figure out how to integrate him into your existing life – that’s a huge challenge.”

For Christine Bart, the biggest challenge was maintaining her current social life. “Before Kailin was born, we had a lot of childless friends and were used to going out and taking weekend trips,” says the mother of her now 16-month-old. “Afterwards things changed. Our friends would come over, but it wasn’t like it used to be,” she says.
Experts agree the dynamic of friendships often changes after the first baby is born.

“Relationships are birthed out of common interests, so it may be difficult for childless friends to understand the time and energy a newborn requires, let alone the limitations you now have,” says Gracie Mirolli, a postpartum doula.


But that doesn’t mean the friendships can’t continue. Look for commonalities you still share and plan times to get together for lunch, coffee or at the park. Take the baby with you or ask someone to baby-sit so you can go alone. Talk about what is going on in your life and stay tuned in to your friends’ interests. Even if those friendships fizzle, it doesn’t mean you’re doomed to a life of loneliness.

“We still have friends who are childless, but I have a whole new set of friends with kids that I’ve met through playgroups, at story time, even on the internet,” says Bart.

More important is to schedule time alone with your spouse. If date nights won’t work, try a creative approach. When the baby is asleep, order in Chinese and put out a tablecloth and candles, watch a movie together and give each other foot or back rubs. Make this a priority from the beginning to keep your marriage healthy and strong.

Another challenge most new mother’s face is finding time for household chores. Levin’s advice is simple.
“Set small goals,” she says. “Instead of saying, ‘I’m going to clean the whole house today,’ start with one or two rooms. That way it’s more manageable and you won’t get frustrated if it doesn’t all get done.”

Even then flexibility is key.
“I break up the work and do different chores throughout the week so it’s finished for the weekends,” says Bart. “One day I’ll do vacuuming and dusting. The next I’ll do bathrooms and laundry. But I’m not super rigid. Some days I don’t get it all finished, but I have a happy child.”
&pagebreaking&
Coverdale makes housework a matter of multitasking. “I didn’t have a formal fitness program in the beginning so I combined it with housework,” she says. “I wore Benjamin in a sling or mei tai while I did my chores. Now that he’s older I involve him in some of the simpler tasks like unloading the dryer and helping pick up toys. We make it into a game.”

Other mothers combine fitness, friendships and infant time by participating in parent exercise programs, such as Stroller Strides and Stroller Fit, which include baby and buggy in the routine

Incorporating activities is, in fact, the best way to find time for the things you want and need to do. Of course, it may take a bit of ingenuity.

“The biggest adjustment I had to make when Benjamin was born was changing from a working woman to a stay-at-home mom,” Coverdale recalls. “I loved being home with him, but I had a huge void and wanted some personal enrichment.”

Coverdale combined her love for technology with family and fashion, and created an online mother and baby clothing line.

“It’s my creative outlet, but it doesn’t take time away from the baby,” she says. “I work on it at night, after Ben and my husband go to bed. It’s my recharge time.”

Bart wanted personal fulfillment too, but waited until Kailin settled into a routine before starting to work on her master’s degree online.
Mirolli thinks waiting is wise. “The baby dictates so much of the mother’s time at the beginning. The best thing she can do is rest so her energy returns,” she says. “In time her baby’s routine will emerge and life will become more predictable.”

Then you can do those things you deem important, as long as you stay flexible.
“I always want to have time for my daughter,” says Bart. “Even if it means some days I put things on the back burner to read books, sing songs or just pick up and go to the playground.”

Denise Yearian is a freelance writer and the mother of three children and four grandchildren.

Continue Reading

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